* Critical Theory This is the most frequent difficulty of many of the cults: membership may represent more of a problem than money. * Propaganda The target may feel a desire to reciprocate the kindness offered to him, and at this point, the agent may present the possibility of confession as a means to relieving guilt and pain. Beginning in 1953, Lifton interviewed American servicemen who had been prisoners of war (POWs) during the Korean War, in addition to priests and students, or teachers who had been held in prison in China after 1951. "Is brainwashing possible?" Top | Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. I was fortunate to interview Dr. Lifton several times on videotape which is online. * Models

Finally, the eighth, and perhaps the most general and significant of these characteristics is what I call the “. * Self-development Home | The two selves can exist simultaneously and confusedly for a considerable time, and it may be that the transition periods are the most intense and psychologically painful, as well as the most potentially harmful. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. Losing the self also leads to weakening of * Hypnotism * Negotiation In the late 1950s, psychologist Robert Jay Lifton studied former prisoners of Korean War and Chinese war camps. I consider this a form of doubling: a second self is formed that lives side by side with the prior self, somewhat autonomously from it. His seminal work on the subject, the 1961 work Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism: a Study of “Brainwashing” in China, arose as part of his investigative study of former POWs in communist China during the Korean … * Using repetition He called the method used thought reform.

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Steven pioneered a breakthrough method called the Strategic Interactive Approach (SIA), an effective and legal alternative for families to help cult members. Again Camus: “I practice the profession of penitence, to be able to end up as a judge,” and “the more I accuse myself, the more I have a right to judge you.” That is a central theme in any continual confessional process, particularly where it is required in an enclosed group process. * Warfare From an analysis of two French priests who had been subjected to brainwashing, Buy Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism: A Study of 'Brainwashing' in China 1 by Lifton, Robert Jay (ISBN: 9780807842539) from Amazon's Book Store. The contrast between old and new has been established: The old belief system is associated with psychological (and usually physical) agony; and the new belief system is associated with the possibility of escaping that agony. cemented into the new order. contrast of the pain of the past with the rosy glow of the future that the This has a serious destabilizing effect as * Sequential requests The rituals will typically include strong * Marketing Quick Links |, © Changing Works 2002- Robert Jay Lifton, Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism, W.W. The Nazi Doctors was the first in-depth study of how medical professionals rationalized their participation in the Holocaust, from the early stages of the T-4 Euthanasia Program to the extermination camps. Steven is the Founding Director of the Freedom of Mind Resource Center, a coaching, consulting, and training organization dedicated to supporting individuals to have the freedom to think clearly and to freely consider how they want to live their lives. even feel that they deserve punishment. Hurt and Rescue principle, One placed in the second category of not having the right to exist can experience psychologically a tremendous fear of inner extinction or collapse. – Webmasters, | This confusion allows the captors to redirect the guilt towards Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology. Milieu control within cults tends to be maintained and expressed in several ways: group process, isolation from other people, psychological pressure, geographical distance or unavailability of transportation, and sometimes physical pressure. However, when one is accepted, there can be great satisfaction of feeling oneself a part of the elite. The Unification Church is a good example, but not the only one, of a contemporary need to combine a sacred set of dogmatic principles with a claim to a science embodying the truth about human behavior and human psychology. Impediments to legitimate being must be pushed away or destroyed. The process need not feel like manipulation, which raises important philosophical questions. [10] On May 18, 2008 Lifton delivered the commencement address at Stonehill College and discussed the apparent "Superpower Syndrome" experienced by the United States in the modern era. * Conversion Hurt and Rescue, albeit extreme. eventually leads to them breaking down, much as the manner of the 'nervous The target is made to feel that it is he who must choose between old and new, giving the target the sense that his fate is in his own hands. Meetings were held at Lifton's home in Wellfleet, Massachusetts.

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